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PL 111 Introduction to Philosophy (3)
Critical examination of philosophical approaches to the nature of reality, religious belief, moral responsibility, and human freedom by addressing perennial questions, such as: How should I live? How do we know what we know? Is free will an illusion? Is the existence (or non-existence) of God or gods something that can be proved rationally? What is the proper balance between the public good and our own private freedom? Is there an independent standard for judging what is truly real versus what is truly illusion? CORE-II.

PL 113 Critical Reasoning (3)
This course will focus on the study of arguments and will help you develop techniques useful in recognizing, analyzing, and evaluating arguments. The application of both the inductive and deductive criteria for evaluating arguments will be explored as well as other criteria of evaluation. Topics the course will cover include rational argumentation, fallacies, definition, meaning, truth, and evidence. II. CORE-II.

PL 221 Philosophy of Religion (3)
Classical and contemporary arguments for understanding the existence, nature, and reality of God. We will analyze and evaluate contemporary conceptions of divinity, humanity, and spirit as well as related issues in the philosophy of religion: evil, immortality, relationship between faith and reason, the nature of religious experience, and conceptions of the religious subject. I. CORE-II.

PL/WS 226 Feminist Philosophy (3)
Critical understanding of philosophical questions and issues surrounding women's identities, bodies, rights, politics, and historical movements. We may focus on a wide variety of subjects: nature and values, social and political philosophy, law, religion, epistemology, and ethics. CORE-II.

PL/PS 238 Social and Political Philosophy (3)
Contemporary philosophical examinations of major political and social themes such as economic and social justice, freedom, war and genocide, equality, authority, democracy, property, and power. This course challenges students to critically reflect upon our shared political freedoms and obligations, justifications of political authority, the social nature of identities, and our roles as political subjects. CORE-II.

PL 255 Ethics (3)
Critical analysis and evaluation of contemporary moral issues in light of underlying values, components of moral decision-making, and standard ethical theories. The students reflect upon their own life experiences in light of the ethical theories and articulate their own ethical system. CORE-II.

PL 311 Contemporary Continental Philosophy (3)
Critical exploration of the ideas of existence, freedom, anxiety, subjectivity, power, and justice in the works of 20th century and contemporary phenomenologists, deconstructionists, existentialists, postmodernists/poststructuralists, and critical theorists. Prerequisite: One lower-division philosophy course. This is a Communication Intensive course.

PL/IS 312 Bioethics (3)
Interdisciplinary course which examines complex moral issues involving biology and medicine. Multiple viewpoints and issues are studied, such as: patient-physician relationship, death and dying, ethics of care, technology and medicine as well as the ethics and biology of genetics and eugenics. Research and discussion are essential components of the course. Prerequisites: BI 111 or 112; or, BI 211, 212 or 220; or, PL 111 or 255. CORE-II & CORE-III.

PL/IS 344 Music & Politics (3)
Musical works representative of folk, popular and refined art idioms will provide subject matter for analysis and discussion of the following: conceptualizing the distinct nature of music from other art forms and human activities, the role of emotion in music and politics, the political use of music and the musical representation of politics and political action as well as the possibility of music effecting social and political relations. Prerequisite: 3 credit hours of Level II Philosophy. CORE-II & CORE-III.

PL 355 Metaphysics (3)
The study of the nature of reality - of what is and what it is that exists. Metaphysical concepts we may consider are existence, being, minds, bodies, freedom, human nature, and the nature of experience. We will consider these concepts, and arguments associated with those ideas, in both classical and contemporary discussions. Prerequisite: One lower-division course in philosophy. This is a Communication Intensive course.

PL/IS 358 Violence (3)
A historical-philosophical investigation into acts and relations of mass violence within the contexts of war, murder, genocide, rape and other forms of collective violence. This investigation will focus within the following arenas: the social-historical phenomena of violence and power; the extent of its moral justifiability, political legitimacy, and practical efficacy; the reality and responsibilities of perpetrators, victims, and spectators; and, the places that violence occupies within times of ordinary life. CORE-II & CORE-III.

PL 380 Special Topics (1-3)
Selected topics to be determined by the department.

PL/RS 380. Special Topics. (1-3)
Selected topics to be determined by the department.

PL/RS 480. Special Topics. (1-3)
Selected topics to be determined by the department.

PL/RS 485. Practicum. (3)
Experience in one of the specialized areas of Philosophy, with departmental guidance and supervision.

PL/RS 490. Directed Studies. (3)
Approved and directed in-depth study of a specific area of Philosophy, according to student need and interest. Prerequisite: Permission of department.

PL/RS 499. Senior Seminar. (3)

Students from both Philosophy and Religious Studies work through a global theme, analyzing and evaluating issues and problems within that theme from the perspectives and methodologies of both disciplines. Meets the Capstone course and Communication Intensive requirement in the major. Prerequisite: Permission of department.

Avila University
11901 Wornall Road, Kansas City, MO 64145
Religious Studies & Philosophy
Ken Parsons, Ph.D., Chair, Religious Studies & Philosophy